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This destination is one of 46 global destinations ranked within the 2020-2021 Medical Tourism Index. Below is a snapshot of this destination's ranking. Check the 46 destinations.
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Introduction to Turkey's Medical Tourism

Turkey has fast become a global hub for medical tourism, attracting patients from all corners of the world. Known for its unique blend of traditional and modern healthcare practices, Turkey offers a wide range of medical services, from high-tech surgeries to alternative treatments, at a fraction of the cost found in other countries. Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the country provides easy access for both continents, making it a convenient choice for those seeking quality healthcare abroad.

Reputation in Medical Tourism

Turkey's reputation in medical tourism is built on several pillars: affordability, high-quality healthcare, cutting-edge technology, and qualified medical professionals. Many Turkish doctors and surgeons have trained internationally, thus ensuring that medical practices are up-to-date with global standards. Medical facilities often boast state-of-the-art technology and a patient-centered approach, aiming for the highest level of patient satisfaction.

Historical Significance in Medicine

Turkey’s historical roots in medicine can be traced back to ancient times when scholars in the region made significant contributions to the field. From the Byzantine period to the Ottoman era, Turkish medicine was known for its focus on practical applications of medical knowledge. This has evolved into a modern healthcare system that combines the best of traditional and modern medicine. The time-honored Turkish practice of thermal baths and natural springs also finds its way into rehabilitative care, offering a holistic approach to health and well-being.

Cultural Influence in Medicine

Turkey’s unique location as a bridge between East and West reflects in its healthcare system. With an array of traditional treatments, including herbal remedies and physiotherapy methods rooted in Turkish culture, medical tourists often find a more comprehensive approach to care. This cultural influence adds another layer to Turkey’s appeal as a medical tourism destination.

Popular Medical Procedures

List of Popular Procedures

Turkey is particularly renowned for its specializations in cosmetic surgery, dental care, cardiology, orthopedics, and oncology. Here, medical tourists can find a wide range of services, from rhinoplasty and liposuction to spinal surgeries and heart bypass operations.

Specializations and Pioneering Treatments

One area where Turkey has garnered global attention is in hair transplantation techniques. The country is a leading provider of FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) and DHI (Direct Hair Implantation), utilizing advanced technology and techniques to offer seamless procedures. Additionally, Turkey has made significant strides in robotic surgeries, especially in urology and cardiology.

Top Hospitals & Clinics

Renowned Institutions

Turkey is home to a range of high-quality medical institutions. Some of the top hospitals include Ankara City Hospital, Medipol Mega University Hospital, and Acıbadem Healthcare Group, which have state-of-the-art facilities and highly trained staff.

Accreditation and Affiliation

Many Turkish hospitals are accredited by international organizations, such as the Joint Commission International (JCI), which assures that healthcare providers meet rigorous global standards.

Special Features and Awards

Several Turkish hospitals have received international awards for their excellence in various medical fields, from patient care to technological innovation. Special features often include VIP rooms, multilingual staff, and even liaison officers to assist international patients during their stay.

Cost Comparison

Comparative Data

One of the most attractive aspects of medical tourism in Turkey is the cost. Treatments can be up to 60-80% cheaper compared to countries like the United States, the UK, or Western Europe. For instance, a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in Turkey may cost around $15,000-$20,000, compared to $70,000-$120,000 in the United States.

Price Ranges

While costs can vary widely depending on the facility and the treatment, the general trend shows substantial savings across the board. Cosmetic surgeries, for example, often fall within a range of $2,000-$4,000, compared to upwards of $10,000 in other countries.

Quality & Safety

Medical Standards and Practices

Turkey's healthcare system adheres to international standards and protocols to ensure patient safety and high-quality services. Hospitals often boast modern facilities, advanced diagnostic and treatment technologies, and qualified medical professionals, including internationally-trained staff. The country's robust healthcare infrastructure is one of the reasons why it is a popular destination for medical tourism.

Accreditation Systems and Regulatory Bodies

In Turkey, hospitals are regularly inspected and accredited by national and international bodies. Besides international accreditations like the Joint Commission International (JCI), many Turkish hospitals also undergo audits from the Ministry of Health. These accreditations serve as a benchmark for quality and are a testament to the high standards of healthcare services offered.

Quality Checks and Patient Safety

Patient safety protocols in Turkey are stringent, often exceeding international standards. These include infection control measures, emergency services, and strict regulations for surgical procedures. Patient rights are also highly respected, with detailed consent forms and privacy policies in place.

Patient Rights

In Turkey, medical facilities have dedicated departments to inform patients about their rights, responsibilities, and the details of treatments they will undergo. Informed consent, the right to privacy, and confidentiality are emphasized as fundamental patient rights.

Medical Visa Information

Guidelines and Requirements

For those visiting Turkey specifically for medical treatment, a medical visa may be required. These are generally short-term visas where applicants must provide evidence of their medical appointment and financial means to pay for the treatment.

Duration, Documentation, and Application Process

A medical visa to Turkey usually has a validity period of up to 90 days, extendable depending on the treatment period. Necessary documents often include a valid passport, a visa application form, medical insurance, and a letter from the Turkish medical institution confirming the treatment. The application process is generally straightforward and can be completed online or at Turkish consulates.

Travel-Related Advisories

There are no significant travel restrictions related to medical visas, but it's essential to keep updated with Turkey's entry requirements, which may change due to global health conditions.

Cultural Considerations

Local Customs and Etiquette

While Turkey is a modern and cosmopolitan country, it is also rich in traditions. A general understanding of local customs and etiquette, such as respectful attire in religious places, can enhance your stay. Tipping is common but not mandatory in the service sector, including healthcare services.

Language Barriers

Turkish is the official language, but English is commonly spoken in major cities and medical facilities. Most hospitals catering to medical tourists have English-speaking staff and translators to assist international patients.

Dietary Considerations

Turkey offers a diverse range of culinary options, from traditional dishes to international cuisines. However, if you have specific dietary restrictions or needs, it's advised to inform your healthcare provider in advance.

Travel & Accommodation

Popular Areas to Stay

Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir are popular cities where most high-quality medical facilities are located. These cities offer a range of accommodation options, from budget hotels to luxury resorts.

Proximity to Medical Facilities

Most top-rated hospitals and clinics are situated close to city centers or well-connected suburban areas, making it convenient for medical tourists to travel back and forth.

Transportation Infrastructure

Turkey has a well-developed public transportation system, including subways, buses, and taxis. Many hospitals also offer shuttle services for medical tourists.

Post-Procedure Relaxation Spots

For post-treatment relaxation, Turkey offers various options, from the scenic beaches of Antalya to the historic sites in Istanbul. Some patients also opt for traditional Turkish baths for post-procedure recuperation.

Legal & Ethical Considerations

Legal Rights of Patients

In Turkey, patients have the right to informed consent, confidentiality, and high-quality medical care. Failure to provide these can result in legal consequences for healthcare providers.

Medical Malpractice and Patient Recourse

Turkey has laws governing medical malpractice that protect the rights of patients. Should medical negligence occur, patients have the right to legal recourse, including financial compensation.

Ethical Considerations

Ethical considerations, such as organ transplant regulations, are strictly governed by Turkish law, which follows international standards to ensure the ethical treatment of all patients.

Benefits & Risks


Turkey offers high-quality medical services at a fraction of the cost compared to other countries. The country also provides the advantage of combining medical treatment with vacation-like amenities, including scenic locations for relaxation and recovery.


Language barriers and cultural differences are potential challenges. However, these are usually mitigated by hospitals, which provide translator services and patient liaisons to assist international visitors.

Post-Procedure Care

Post-Operative Care

Top-tier Turkish hospitals offer comprehensive post-operative care, including detailed recovery plans and follow-up appointments. Many also have affiliations with rehabilitation centers to provide complete healthcare solutions.

Rehabilitation Centers

Turkey has several world-class rehabilitation centers specializing in physical therapy, occupational therapy, and other forms of rehabilitation post-surgery or treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Is Turkey safe for medical tourism?

Yes, Turkey has strict regulations and accreditations that ensure high standards of medical care.

  • How much can I save by choosing Turkey for medical procedures?

Savings can range from 60% to 80% compared to costs in Western countries.

  • Do Turkish hospitals accept international medical insurance?

While some do, it's essential to consult with your insurance provider and the hospital beforehand.

  • What if I face any complications during my medical stay in Turkey?

Top hospitals have protocols for handling complications, including immediate corrective procedures and legal recourse if necessary.

Global Provider Members

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Time Zone

GMT +3


Turkish Lira




The coastal areas of Turkey are subject to mild winters and hot, humid summers, while the inland areas are subject to very cold winters and excessively hot summers. The eastern part of Turkey has more extreme temperatures, which can fall to as low as 10.4 degrees Fahrenheit (-12 degrees Celsius) with snow from December to April, and summer temperatures can reach an unbearable 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius). Unlike the eastern region, the coastal region (including Istanbul) is subject to more pleasant temperatures with average high temperatures in the mid 80s Fahrenheit (about 29 degrees Celsius).


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