Total Knee Replacement

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description:

Total Knee Replacement, commonly known as TKR, is a surgical procedure where the damaged or diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial components. Our knee joint, a vital hinge-like structure, is responsible for providing the motion required to perform daily activities like walking, running, or climbing stairs. With age, trauma, or conditions such as osteoarthritis, the knee joint can wear out, causing pain and reduced mobility. A TKR procedure is generally recommended when conservative treatments like medications, physiotherapy, or walking supports no longer provide relief.

TKR is a common procedure with hundreds of thousands of surgeries performed globally each year. It becomes an option when the knee joint becomes severely damaged, either through degenerative diseases like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injuries, or other rare conditions. The goal of the procedure is to restore functionality, relieve pain, and enhance the quality of life for patients.

For many, the decision to undergo TKR is pivotal. As the knee plays a central role in movement, its deterioration can significantly hamper an individual's daily life. Activities that were once simple and enjoyable, such as playing with grandchildren, gardening, or even just taking a walk, can become painful chores. That's where the promise of a new, pain-free knee becomes a beacon of hope for many.

Procedure Duration:

The Total Knee Replacement procedure itself typically lasts between 1 to 2 hours. However, preparation time before the surgery and the immediate recovery time post-surgery can extend the duration patients spend in the operation theater.

Post-surgery, patients are usually hospitalized for several days, ranging from 3 to 5 days on average. This period allows medical professionals to monitor the initial recovery, manage pain, and start early physiotherapy. Upon discharge, patients are typically advised to undergo rehabilitative physiotherapy, which can last anywhere from a few weeks to several months. The aim is to regain strength, mobility, and function in the replaced knee.

It's crucial to understand that while many patients experience a dramatic reduction in pain and significant improvement in mobility after TKR, full recovery and rehabilitation can take time. The majority of patients can resume normal activities within 6 weeks, but more strenuous tasks might need to be avoided for 3 to 6 months. Consistent follow-ups with the orthopedic surgeon are essential during the recovery period.


  • Cost Efficiency: Often, procedures abroad can be a fraction of the price than in one's home country.
  • Expertise: Some countries specialize in certain treatments and have surgeons who perform TKRs regularly.
  • Advanced Technology: Medical facilities in popular medical tourism destinations often boast state-of-the-art equipment.
  • Shorter Wait Times: Patients might get quicker appointments and shorter wait times for surgeries.
  • Vacation Opportunity: Combining recovery with a stay in a tourist destination.

Potential Destinations:

  • India: Renowned for its orthopedic centers of excellence, especially in cities like New Delhi and Mumbai.
  • Thailand: Bangkok and Chiang Mai are hubs for medical tourism with world-class hospitals.
  • Germany: Cities like Berlin and Munich are known for their advanced medical technologies.
  • South Korea: Seoul is a top destination with state-of-the-art medical facilities.

Risks & Considerations:

  • Travel Post-Surgery: The journey back home post-surgery can be challenging.
  • Quality Assurance: Not all international hospitals meet the highest global standards.
  • Language Barriers: Communication might be a challenge in some countries.
  • Post-Surgery Follow-ups: Remote follow-ups might not be as effective as in-person ones.

How to choose the right doctor and hospital:

  • Accreditations: Look for hospitals accredited by recognized international organizations.
  • Surgeon's Experience: Ensure the surgeon has ample experience with TKR procedures.
  • Patient Reviews: Testimonials and reviews can offer insight into patient satisfaction.
  • Hospital Infrastructure: Ensure the facility has the latest equipment and technologies.
  • Language: Confirm if the medical staff speaks a language you're comfortable with.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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