Pediatric Neurosurgery

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

Pediatric neurosurgery is a specialized field focusing on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of neurological conditions affecting infants, children, and adolescents. The conditions addressed can vary from congenital anomalies like spina bifida, to acquired issues such as brain tumors or epilepsy. Unlike adult neurosurgery, pediatric neurosurgery demands an extra layer of expertise because the young patient’s nervous system is still in the developmental stage. The goal is to provide the least invasive and most effective treatment while considering the long-term developmental needs of the child.

Surgical interventions often become necessary when other forms of treatment, such as medication or lifestyle changes, have failed to bring about desired results, or when immediate action is required to save or improve a child's life. In certain cases, surgery can be elective, based on improving the quality of life for the child. Parents usually find themselves considering pediatric neurosurgery after an extensive consultation with medical professionals, and often when facing complex, emotionally charged decisions about their child's health.

One common reason someone would opt for pediatric neurosurgery is the presence of a brain tumor that is either malignant or affecting the child's normal neurological function. Another scenario might be severe, drug-resistant epilepsy where surgical intervention could significantly reduce the frequency and severity of seizures. In both instances, the stakes are high, and the expertise of the neurosurgeon can be a deciding factor in the child's long-term health outcomes.

Procedure Duration

The duration of pediatric neurosurgery can vary greatly depending on the complexity of the condition being treated. Surgeries can range from a couple of hours for simpler procedures to upwards of eight hours for more complicated interventions like brain tumor resections. Hospital stays may also vary, with minor surgeries requiring just a couple of days in the hospital, while more complex procedures may require a week or more for monitoring and recovery.

Recovery times are equally variable and can depend on multiple factors such as the child’s age, overall health, type of surgery performed, and other individual considerations. While some patients may experience fairly quick recoveries, it is not uncommon for the complete recovery process to take several weeks or even months. This involves a multidisciplinary approach that often includes postoperative medications, physical therapy, and other forms of rehabilitation.

It is essential to consult extensively with healthcare providers to get an accurate estimate of procedure and recovery times. Detailed preoperative and postoperative plans are generally created to guide parents and caregivers through the process, ensuring that recovery is as smooth and rapid as possible.


  • Cost Savings: Medical tourism can offer significant cost advantages, often without compromising on the quality of care.
  • Expertise: Some international destinations have centers of excellence for pediatric neurosurgery, offering top-notch medical expertise.
  • Advanced Technology: Countries known for medical tourism often invest heavily in medical technology, ensuring state-of-the-art care.

Potential Destinations

  • Thailand: Bangkok is known for its high-quality healthcare facilities and expertise in neurosurgery.
  • India: Cities like Delhi and Mumbai are emerging as hubs for pediatric neurosurgery.
  • Germany: Berlin and Munich offer some of the most advanced pediatric neurosurgical procedures in Europe.

Risks & Considerations

  • Quality of Care: The standards can vary between countries, so it's crucial to research thoroughly.
  • Travel Concerns: Consider the stress of long-haul flights and post-operative care when abroad.
  • Language Barriers: Effective communication with healthcare providers is essential for quality care.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Certifications: Look for internationally recognized certifications and accreditations for both doctors and hospitals.
  • References & Reviews: Online reviews and testimonials can provide valuable insights.
  • Consultation: Schedule a pre-visit or a virtual consultation to assess comfort level with the doctor and facility.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


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If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

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Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

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The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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