Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description:

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is a surgical procedure used to improve blood flow to the heart in individuals with severe coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD occurs when the major blood vessels supplying the heart with oxygen-rich blood (coronary arteries) become damaged, typically due to plaque build-up from cholesterol and other substances. As these arteries narrow, the heart receives less blood, leading to symptoms like chest pain and shortness of breath.

CABG involves taking a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body, such as the leg, chest, or arm, and grafting it onto the blocked artery, bypassing the obstructed section. This newly grafted vessel then functions as an alternative route, ensuring that the heart receives an adequate blood supply.

The need for CABG usually arises when less invasive treatments like medications or angioplasty don't provide sufficient relief. It's often recommended for patients with severe blockages in their major coronary arteries, particularly if they're experiencing symptoms like angina or are at high risk for heart attacks.

Procedure Duration:

The CABG procedure typically takes between 3 to 6 hours, though this can vary based on the individual's health condition and the number of grafts required. It's a major surgery, often involving the use of a heart-lung bypass machine, which takes over the heart's function during the procedure.

After surgery, patients generally stay in the hospital for about 5 to 7 days, which includes a few days in the intensive care unit (ICU) followed by a standard room stay. Full recovery can take anywhere from 6 weeks to 3 months, depending on factors like the patient's overall health, age, and the presence of other medical conditions.

During the recovery phase, patients are often advised to participate in cardiac rehabilitation - a structured program that helps improve cardiovascular health, enhance recovery, and reduce the risk of future heart issues.


  • Cost-Effective: Many countries offer CABG at a fraction of the cost without compromising on quality.
  • Expertise: Several destinations boast cardiac surgeons with international training and vast experience.
  • Advanced Technology: Some countries are equipped with state-of-the-art medical facilities and the latest technology.
  • Shorter Wait Times: Patients may experience significantly reduced waiting periods for the procedure abroad.

Potential Destinations:

  • India (specifically cities like Bangalore and New Delhi)
  • Thailand (Bangkok and Phuket)
  • Turkey (Istanbul and Ankara)
  • Brazil (Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro)
  • Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur)

Risks & Considerations:

  • Travel Post-Procedure: The strain of long flights and travel post-surgery.
  • Cultural Differences: Potential language barriers and cultural nuances affecting patient care.
  • Follow-Up Care: Accessibility and continuity of care once you return home.
  • Insurance: Potential complexities regarding overseas medical procedures and insurance coverage.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital:

  • Accreditation: Ensure the hospital holds international healthcare accreditation.
  • Surgeon Credentials: Check the surgeon's qualifications, training, and number of CABG procedures performed.
  • Hospital Facilities: Look into the hospital's cardiac facilities, ICU setup, and patient reviews.
  • Post-operative Care: Confirm the follow-up care protocols and support during the recovery phase.
  • Communication: Ensure clear communication, possibly preferring English-speaking staff if you're not fluent in the local language.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

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