Bone Marrow Transplant

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description:

What is a Bone Marrow Transplant?

A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure that replaces damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue found in the center of certain bones, responsible for producing blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Bone marrow transplants are often needed for patients suffering from various types of cancers like leukemia and lymphoma, blood diseases like anemia, or immune deficiency disorders.

Why Would Someone Need a Bone Marrow Transplant?

The need for a bone marrow transplant usually arises when the patient's natural bone marrow is unable to function properly. This could be due to the presence of diseases such as leukemia, lymphoma, or myeloma, which disrupt normal blood cell production. It may also be necessary if the bone marrow has been destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy. In such cases, a bone marrow transplant can be a life-saving procedure, replenishing the body's ability to produce essential blood cells and restore the immune system.

Types of Bone Marrow Transplants

There are primarily two types of bone marrow transplants: Autologous and Allogeneic. In an Autologous transplant, the patient's own bone marrow cells are harvested before aggressive treatment like high-dose chemotherapy. These cells are returned to the patient after treatment. An Allogeneic transplant involves a donor whose tissue type closely matches that of the patient. The donor could be a sibling, unrelated donor, or even a partially matched family member in certain cases.

Procedure Duration:

Time Required for the Procedure

The procedure itself is relatively quick, taking only about 1-2 hours. However, the entire process—from the pre-transplant evaluations to the transplant itself and the post-transplant recovery—can be extensive, often spanning weeks to months.

Pre-Transplant Preparations

Before the procedure, patients need to go through a rigorous series of tests to determine their suitability for transplant. This could include blood tests, imaging scans, and cardiac evaluations. Also, patients often undergo chemotherapy or radiation to kill off diseased cells and make room for new bone marrow, which could take days to weeks.

Post-Transplant Recovery

The recovery phase is crucial and can take weeks to months. During this period, the new bone marrow starts producing blood cells, and the patient is closely monitored for complications. Full recovery and a return to normal activities can take up to a year or more, depending on individual cases and any complications that may arise.


  • Cost Savings: Medical tourism can offer substantial cost benefits, especially for patients from countries with high healthcare costs.
  • Expertise and Technology: Some countries are known for their specialized medical expertise and cutting-edge technology in the field of bone marrow transplantation.
  • Shorter Wait Times: Depending on the destination, patients may experience shorter waiting lists compared to their home country, allowing for quicker treatment.

Potential Destinations:

  • India: Known for high-quality healthcare at affordable prices.
  • United States: Renowned for cutting-edge medical technology and expertise.
  • Germany: Famous for high medical standards and innovative treatments.
  • Singapore: Offers state-of-the-art medical facilities and highly skilled professionals.

Risks & Considerations:

  • Quality of Care: Ensure that the healthcare facility is accredited and maintains high standards of care.
  • Language Barrier: Communication can be a significant issue; ensure translation services are available.
  • Post-Procedure Care: Consider the ease of access to follow-up care once you return to your home country.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital:

  • Accreditation: Look for hospitals that have international accreditation for quality and safety standards.
  • Doctor’s Credentials: Research the doctor's qualifications, expertise, and patient reviews.
  • Facility Tour: If possible, visit the hospital in advance or take a virtual tour to evaluate its condition.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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