Minimally Invasive Heart Surgeries

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Procedure Description

Minimally Invasive Heart Surgeries refer to a range of procedures conducted to treat various heart conditions without resorting to traditional open-heart surgeries. The objective is to make smaller incisions and reduce surgical trauma, thereby lowering risks and speeding up recovery time. Procedures such as Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery, Minimally Invasive Coronary Bypass, and Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass (OPCAB) are common examples.

Unlike conventional open-heart surgeries, which require a large incision across the chest and the sternum to be split open, minimally invasive techniques often only need incisions of 2 to 4 inches. This results in less muscle and tissue damage, leading to a quicker healing process and reduced hospital stay. Patients who are candidates for this type of surgery usually have less complex conditions, but the suitability needs to be determined on a case-by-case basis by healthcare providers.

The demand for minimally invasive heart surgeries has grown significantly, owing to its less intrusive nature and faster recovery times. People often opt for these procedures to avoid the drawbacks associated with traditional surgery, such as greater post-operative pain, longer hospital stays, and more pronounced scarring. However, not all patients are eligible for minimally invasive procedures, and consulting a qualified healthcare professional is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment planning.

Procedure Duration

The duration of minimally invasive heart surgeries can vary widely depending on the complexity of the procedure and the patient's health condition. Generally speaking, the actual surgery can last anywhere from 2 to 5 hours. After the surgery, patients typically spend a few hours in a recovery room before being moved to an intensive care unit (ICU) for close monitoring.

In terms of recovery, minimally invasive procedures offer a significantly reduced healing period compared to traditional heart surgeries. Patients can expect to be discharged from the hospital within 3 to 5 days, depending on their progress. Additionally, many patients find that they can return to light activities and work within two to three weeks, although this varies from patient to patient.

Postoperative care generally includes follow-up visits with healthcare providers for evaluation and monitoring. The focus is on observing wound healing, heart function, and overall recovery, which can sometimes involve diagnostic tests such as echocardiograms or stress tests.


  • Cost Savings: Often, undergoing the procedure abroad can offer substantial savings, even when you factor in travel and accommodation expenses.
  • Expertise: Many international destinations specialize in minimally invasive heart surgeries, offering highly experienced doctors and medical staff.
  • Advanced Technology: Hospitals abroad often feature cutting-edge medical equipment and technologies that may not be readily available in your home country.

Potential Destinations

  • India: Known for its high-quality healthcare services at a fraction of the cost compared to Western countries.
  • Singapore: Offers world-class medical facilities and a wide range of specialized cardiac care.
  • Germany: Renowned for its technological advancements and expertise in cardiovascular treatments.
  • Thailand: Popular for its state-of-the-art hospitals and highly skilled medical professionals.

Risks & Considerations

  • Quality of Care: Not all medical facilities offer the same level of quality, even within a country.
  • Language Barriers: Communication can be a challenge, especially in non-English speaking countries.
  • Travel After Surgery: Flying soon after a surgical procedure can pose risks; make sure to consult your doctor about appropriate timelines.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Certifications & Accreditations: Look for internationally recognized certifications and accreditations when researching facilities.
  • Doctor's Credentials: Research the educational background, expertise, and patient reviews of the healthcare providers.
  • Hospital Infrastructure: Ensure that the hospital has the necessary medical equipment and facilities for your treatment.
  • Second Opinion: Always consider getting a second opinion to confirm the diagnosis and recommended treatment.

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Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


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Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

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The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

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