Liver Transplant

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

A liver transplant is a complex surgical procedure that involves replacing a diseased or failing liver with a healthy one, either from a living or deceased donor. The liver is a vital organ responsible for multiple functions, including detoxification, metabolism, and nutrient storage, among others. When the liver is no longer capable of performing these essential tasks due to conditions like liver cirrhosis, cancer, or acute liver failure, a transplant becomes necessary.

The procedure involves making an incision in the upper abdomen, removing the diseased liver, and implanting the new, healthy one. The transplanted liver is then connected to the blood vessels and bile ducts. Following successful transplantation, the new liver will begin to function and perform the roles of the diseased one. This surgery aims to prolong the lifespan and improve the quality of life for patients suffering from severe liver conditions.

Before opting for a liver transplant, patients undergo an extensive evaluation process to assess their suitability for the procedure. Medical experts consider factors like age, overall health condition, and the severity of liver disease. Only when the evaluation concludes that the transplant can significantly improve the patient's life expectancy and quality of life does the patient proceed with the surgery.

Procedure Duration

The duration of a liver transplant can vary widely depending on various factors, such as the complexity of the case and the experience of the surgical team. Typically, the surgery takes between 6 to 12 hours. This includes preoperative preparation, anesthesia, the transplant procedure itself, and immediate postoperative care.

After the surgery, patients are usually moved to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) where they are closely monitored for a few days. The total hospital stay might range from two to four weeks. Recovery at home post-hospital discharge could extend for several months. During this period, patients are expected to have regular follow-up appointments and will need to take immunosuppressive medications to prevent their body from rejecting the new liver.

The full recovery process is long-term, requiring constant monitoring and lifestyle adjustments. Many patients return to a normal lifestyle within 6 to 12 months after the procedure but will need to continue taking medications and have regular medical check-ups for the rest of their lives.


  • Cost Savings: Traveling abroad for a liver transplant can offer significant cost advantages compared to undergoing the procedure in one's home country.
  • Expertise and Specialization: Certain countries have renowned specialists and hospitals that are leaders in the field of liver transplantation.
  • Advanced Technology: Some international hospitals offer cutting-edge medical technology and facilities that may not be available locally.
  • Shorter Wait Times: In many countries, the waiting time for a liver from a deceased donor can be much shorter than what you might experience in your home country.

Potential Destinations

  • India: Known for skilled surgeons and advanced medical technology.
  • Spain: High success rates and state-of-the-art medical facilities.
  • South Korea: Renowned for its technological advancements in transplantation procedures.
  • Turkey: Offers a combination of skilled experts and cost-effectiveness.

Risks & Considerations

  • Medical Complications: Like any major surgery, a liver transplant poses risks including infection and blood clotting.
  • Quality of Care: Medical facilities and practices can vary by country.
  • Legalities: Make sure to understand the legal implications of organ donation in the destination country.
  • Travel and Logistics: Consider the costs and complexities of traveling internationally for surgery and post-op care.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Credentials and Experience: Research the credentials and experience of both the doctors and the hospitals you are considering.
  • Patient Reviews: Look for patient reviews and testimonials to get an idea of others' experiences.
  • International Accreditation: Choose a hospital that has received international accreditation for healthcare quality.
  • Consult Multiple Sources: Take advice from multiple sources, including healthcare consultants, before making a final decision.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

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Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

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Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

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The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

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