Kidney Transplant

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure where a failing or damaged kidney is replaced with a healthy kidney from a donor. Kidneys are responsible for filtering waste products from the blood, and when they don't function correctly, it can lead to life-threatening conditions such as kidney failure. In a kidney transplant, the donor kidney is placed in the lower abdomen and connected to the recipient's blood vessels and urinary tract. This allows the newly transplanted kidney to take over the filtration process, helping to restore the recipient's health and improve their quality of life.

The need for a kidney transplant typically arises when an individual is facing End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), which means their kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function properly. Treatments like dialysis can temporarily manage the symptoms, but they don't cure the underlying issue. A kidney transplant is often considered the best long-term solution for ESRD.

This procedure can be categorized into two types: living-donor and deceased-donor transplants. In a living-donor transplant, a healthy kidney is removed from a living person, usually a relative or friend, who has willingly donated one of their kidneys. In a deceased-donor transplant, the healthy kidney comes from a recently deceased individual who had no chronic kidney disease.

Procedure Duration

The kidney transplant surgery itself typically takes around 3 to 4 hours, though the exact time can vary depending on various factors like the patient's health condition and the complexity of the procedure. Patients are usually under general anesthesia during this time. Following the surgery, the recipient will spend a few days in the hospital's intensive care unit (ICU) for close monitoring.

A hospital stay of 1 to 2 weeks is generally required post-transplant to monitor for any complications and to ensure that the new kidney is functioning properly. This is followed by regular check-ups and medication adjustments, often over several months, to avoid issues like organ rejection.

Once discharged from the hospital, patients are advised to avoid strenuous activities for at least 6 to 8 weeks. Full recovery and resumption of normal activities can take anywhere from 3 to 6 months, contingent upon the patient's overall health and how well the body is accepting the new kidney.


  • Cost Savings: Medical tourism can offer significant cost savings compared to undergoing the procedure in countries with high healthcare costs.
  • Expertise and Specialization: Some countries are known for their highly specialized kidney transplant centers with experienced surgeons.
  • Advanced Technology: Medical tourists often find more advanced healthcare technology and facilities abroad.
  • Shorter Wait Times: Some countries have shorter wait times for donor kidneys, especially for living-donor transplants.

Potential Destinations

  • India: Known for its high success rates and advanced healthcare technology.
  • Turkey: Offers competitive pricing without compromising on the quality of healthcare.
  • Thailand: Famous for its high standard of healthcare and medical expertise.
  • South Korea: Pioneering in organ transplantation research and technology.

Risks & Considerations

  • Organ Rejection: The body's immune system may reject the new kidney.
  • Infections: Potential risk due to lowered immunity from anti-rejection medications.
  • Travel-related Risks: Possible exposure to new bacteria and viruses.
  • Legal and Ethical Concerns: Ensure that the organ donation is legal and ethical.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Credentials and Experience: Ensure the doctor is board-certified in nephrology and has ample experience with kidney transplants.
  • Hospital Accreditation: Look for internationally recognized accreditations like JCI or ISQua.
  • Patient Reviews: Check for testimonials and reviews from previous patients.
  • Technology and Facilities: Make sure the hospital is equipped with the latest technology and follows international healthcare standards.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

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