Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description:

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the use of a long, flexible tube called an endoscope. This instrument has a light and camera on its end, allowing doctors to view the inside of a patient's body, particularly the digestive tract. The primary purpose of an endoscopy is to diagnose, and in some cases, treat conditions of the digestive system. It is non-invasive, which means no large incisions are made. Instead, the endoscope is inserted through a natural opening in the body, such as the mouth or rectum.

There are several reasons a person may require an endoscopy. It can help in diagnosing conditions like ulcers, tumors, inflammation, or bleeding within the digestive system. The procedure can also be used to retrieve a small tissue sample for biopsy, aiding in the diagnosis of various digestive diseases. Moreover, endoscopy can be used therapeutically; for instance, it can aid in the removal of polyps or swallowed objects.

The decision to undergo an endoscopy might be based on symptoms like abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, bleeding, or unexpected weight loss. However, it can also be recommended as a preventative measure for those with a history of certain conditions or risks.

Procedure Duration:

The actual endoscopy procedure typically takes between 15 to 60 minutes, depending on the type of examination and whether any treatments are performed during the procedure. For instance, a standard upper endoscopy, used to inspect the upper part of the digestive system, usually lasts between 15 to 30 minutes. However, a colonoscopy, which examines the large bowel, can take up to an hour.

After the procedure, patients are usually observed for a short period to ensure there are no immediate complications. This post-procedure observation can last anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours, depending on the type of sedation used and the individual's response. Recovery from sedation might leave one feeling groggy for several hours.

Regarding downtime post-procedure, many people can resume normal activities within 24 hours. However, due to the sedative effects, it's advisable not to drive, operate heavy machinery, or make crucial decisions on the day of the examination. Some people may also experience minor side effects like bloating or cramping, but these typically resolve swiftly.


  • Cost Savings: Many countries offer endoscopy procedures at a fraction of the price found in more developed nations, without compromising on quality.
  • Expertise: Some destinations are renowned for their specialized gastroenterological departments, ensuring experienced and skilled professionals.
  • Cutting-edge Technology: Medical tourism hotspots often invest heavily in the latest medical equipment and technology, providing patients with state-of-the-art care.
  • Shorter Wait Times: Patients may face lengthy wait times in their home country. Opting for a procedure abroad can expedite the process.
  • Combining Treatment with Vacation: Many choose to recover in a scenic environment, turning their medical trip into a rejuvenating experience.

Potential Destinations:

  • India: Renowned for its skilled gastroenterologists and advanced medical facilities.
  • Thailand: Offers a blend of top-notch healthcare services with a popular tourist destination.
  • Malaysia: Recognized for its world-class healthcare system and infrastructure.
  • Mexico: Proximity to the US and Canada makes it a preferred choice for North American patients.
  • Hungary: Europe's hidden gem, known for its high-quality yet cost-effective medical services.

Risks & Considerations:

  • Travel After Procedure: Consider the comfort and safety of traveling post-procedure, especially if complications arise.
  • Language Barriers: Ensure the medical staff speaks a language you're fluent in to avoid misunderstandings.
  • Accreditation and Certification: Always check the credentials of hospitals and doctors.
  • Post-procedure Care: Ensure you have access to post-operative care, either abroad or at home.
  • Insurance Coverage: Some insurance providers might not cover procedures conducted abroad.

How to choose the right doctor and hospital:

  • Referrals and Reviews: Seek referrals from trusted sources and read online reviews.
  • Verify Credentials: Confirm that the hospital and doctor have valid and recognized certifications.
  • Site Visit: If possible, visit the hospital beforehand to inspect the facilities and meet the medical team.
  • Question and Communicate: Don’t hesitate to ask questions about the procedure, risks, recovery, and costs.
  • Post-procedure Support: Ensure the hospital or clinic provides adequate support for post-procedure care, both immediate and in the longer term.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link: https://www.medicaltourism.com/get-a-quote

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation: https://www.globalhealthcareaccreditation.com

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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