Diagnostic Procedures (E.g., Angiogram)

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description:

What is an Angiogram?

An angiogram is a medical imaging technique used to visualize the inside of blood vessels and organs of the body. This procedure is often recommended for individuals experiencing symptoms that suggest possible problems with blood flow. By injecting a contrast dye into the patient's bloodstream and capturing images with X-ray, CT, or MR imaging, doctors can assess the status of the circulatory system, pinpointing blockages, narrowing, or other abnormalities.

Why Would Someone Need an Angiogram?

The primary reasons for undergoing an angiogram include symptoms of cardiovascular diseases, preparation for surgical procedures, or evaluation after trauma. For instance, if you've been experiencing chest pain, an angiogram can determine if there are blockages in the coronary arteries. It's a critical diagnostic tool for various conditions such as coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, and kidney artery conditions.

Importance in Healthcare

An angiogram holds a key position in modern healthcare. It allows for a non-invasive look into the circulatory system, guiding physicians in planning future treatments such as stent placement, angioplasty, or surgical interventions. Early diagnosis with angiograms can lead to more effective treatments and improved long-term outcomes.

Procedure Duration:

Duration of the Procedure

An angiogram generally takes around 30 minutes to an hour to complete. This can vary based on the type of angiogram — coronary, cerebral, or peripheral, among others. The procedure usually begins with the administration of local anesthesia, followed by the insertion of a catheter into a blood vessel, usually in the groin or arm.

Recovery Time

Recovery time post-procedure is relatively short. Most patients are observed for several hours to monitor for any complications such as bleeding from the catheter insertion site. Some individuals may be advised to stay overnight for observation, but many are discharged the same day. It is advisable to avoid strenuous activities for at least 24 to 48 hours post-procedure.

Post-Procedure Follow-up

Patients usually have a follow-up appointment within a week to discuss the results and future treatment plans. Depending on the findings, additional interventions like surgery or medications may be necessary.


  • Cost-Effectiveness: Getting an angiogram in another country can be substantially less expensive, even when accounting for travel and accommodation expenses.
  • Access to Cutting-edge Technology: Some international healthcare facilities offer state-of-the-art diagnostic technologies not readily available in the patient’s home country.
  • Expertise: Traveling abroad can give you access to specialists with considerable experience in angiogram procedures and associated treatments.

Potential Destinations:

  • India: Known for high-quality healthcare at affordable prices.
  • Thailand: Boasts internationally accredited hospitals and cutting-edge technology.
  • Germany: Renowned for advanced medical technology and high standards of healthcare.

Risks & Considerations:

  • Travel Time: Long flights can be strenuous for individuals already experiencing cardiovascular issues.
  • Quality Assurance: It's essential to ensure the overseas hospital meets international standards.
  • Legal Recourse: Navigating medical malpractice laws may be complicated if the procedure doesn't go as planned.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital:

  • Accreditations: Look for hospitals that have international healthcare accreditation.
  • Doctor’s Experience: Investigate the doctor's qualifications, experience, and specialization in angiography.
  • Patient Reviews: Consult reviews and testimonials from other international patients who have undergone the same procedure at the facility.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link: https://www.medicaltourism.com/get-a-quote

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation: https://www.globalhealthcareaccreditation.com

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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