Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description:

Surrogacy is a medical procedure where a woman, known as the surrogate, carries a baby for another person or couple, referred to as the "intended parents." This is often considered when the intended parents cannot conceive or carry a child to term due to a range of issues such as infertility, medical conditions, or other reasons. The process involves in-vitro fertilization (IVF), where an embryo created from the sperm and egg of the intended parents or donors is implanted into the surrogate's uterus.

There are primarily two types of surrogacy: traditional and gestational. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate's egg is used, making her the biological mother of the child. Gestational surrogacy, on the other hand, utilizes the egg and sperm from the intended parents or donors, meaning the surrogate has no genetic ties to the child. This type of surrogacy is often preferred for its lack of a genetic connection between the surrogate and the baby.

Opting for surrogacy can be an emotionally and physically taxing process. The reasons for choosing this path vary significantly between individuals and couples. It may be the last resort after other fertility treatments have failed, or a chosen path for single parents or LGBTQ+ couples who wish to have children with a biological link.

Procedure Duration:

The entire surrogacy process can be a lengthy one, often taking between 12 to 18 months from start to finish. The preparatory phase involves legal consultations, medical screenings, and matching with a suitable surrogate, which can take a few months. Following this, the actual IVF procedure for egg retrieval and embryo implantation can also take several months, particularly if more than one cycle is needed to achieve a successful pregnancy.

The gestation period is approximately nine months, similar to any other pregnancy. However, it's essential to account for any unexpected delays such as failed implantations or other complications. After the birth, there's an additional time requirement for legal formalities, which ensures the intended parents are legally recognized and that the child's birth certificate and citizenship details are in order.

In essence, intended parents considering surrogacy should be prepared for a long-term commitment. From initial consultations to holding your baby, the journey may span over a year or more. Preparing for this time duration is crucial for a smooth and successful surrogacy process.


  • Cost Savings: Surrogacy can be significantly less expensive in countries renowned for medical tourism.
  • Expert Medical Staff: Overseas facilities often employ highly trained professionals specialized in reproductive medicine.
  • Advanced Technology: Many medical tourism destinations offer cutting-edge healthcare technology.

Potential Destinations:

  • United States: High standards in reproductive medicine but relatively expensive.
  • India: Known for its affordability and qualified doctors.
  • Ukraine: Gaining reputation for its reasonable pricing and medical expertise.
  • Georgia: Emerging as a destination with modern facilities and legal protections for intended parents.

Risks & Considerations:

  • Legal Issues: Ensure you are aware of both your home country's and the destination country's laws regarding surrogacy.
  • Health Risks: Like any pregnancy, surrogacy comes with medical risks such as gestational diabetes or high blood pressure.
  • Emotional Toll: The process can be emotionally draining for both the intended parents and the surrogate.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital:

  • Credentials & Experience: Look for professionals who specialize in surrogacy and reproductive medicine.
  • Facility Accreditation: Ensure that the hospital or clinic is internationally accredited.
  • Success Rates: Examine the facility’s success rates in surrogacy and IVF treatments.
  • Client Reviews: Read testimonials or talk to previous patients to gauge the quality of care.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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