Lung Transplant

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Procedure Description

A lung transplant is a complex and life-saving surgical procedure where a diseased lung is replaced with a healthy one from a donor. The operation may involve replacing one or both lungs, depending on the patient's medical condition. A lung transplant is generally considered as a last resort for individuals who have severe respiratory issues and have not responded well to other treatments. Conditions that might necessitate a lung transplant include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and severe lung damage due to infections or injuries.

The surgical procedure is complex and requires a highly skilled medical team, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, pulmonologists, and other medical professionals to ensure success. The need for a lung transplant arises when the patient's lung function has deteriorated to the point that it threatens their life. Lung transplants are often the final option offered after medications, lifestyle modifications, and other treatments have failed to improve the patient's condition. Patients are carefully screened for suitability, which includes a range of tests and evaluations to assess overall health, psychological readiness, and the likelihood of post-operative success.

To qualify for a lung transplant, candidates must meet specific criteria that vary from one medical institution to another. However, common requirements include being of a certain age, having irreversible lung damage, and being otherwise healthy enough to undergo a major surgical procedure. Patients also need to be non-smokers for at least six months prior to the operation and should not have any other severe medical conditions that could interfere with the transplant or recovery.

Procedure Duration

The actual lung transplant surgery may take anywhere from 4 to 12 hours depending on the complexity of the case and whether one or both lungs are being replaced. Following the procedure, patients are typically placed in an intensive care unit (ICU) for close monitoring, which can last from a few days to several weeks.

The total recovery time varies greatly among patients but generally requires a stay of several weeks in the hospital post-surgery. After discharge, patients will require ongoing medical care and follow-up appointments for at least three to six months. Medications to prevent organ rejection and infections will be prescribed and must be taken religiously.

Completing the whole cycle of pre-evaluation, actual transplant, and post-surgery recovery and rehabilitation can span over a year. Given the complexity and duration of the treatment, the patient's support system, including family and friends, plays an integral role in the overall success of the procedure.


  • Cost Savings: Medical tourism can offer significant cost advantages, as procedures in some countries may be substantially cheaper than in others.
  • Expertise: Some international destinations specialize in lung transplants and have a high level of surgical expertise.
  • Advanced Technology: Hospitals in some countries offer state-of-the-art facilities and technologies, which might not be available in the patient’s home country.

Potential Destinations

  • United States: Known for its advanced healthcare system and expertise in transplants.
  • Germany: Noted for high surgical standards and excellent post-operative care.
  • India: Offers cost-effective transplant procedures with an increasing level of expertise.
  • Thailand: Known for modern hospitals and well-trained medical staff.

Risks & Considerations

  • Quality of Care: Not all medical facilities offer the same standard of care.
  • Legal Aspects: Different countries have varying laws regarding organ transplants.
  • Travel Constraints: Traveling after a major surgical procedure carries its own set of risks.
  • Language Barriers: Communication can be a significant issue in some countries.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Accreditation: Always look for internationally accredited hospitals.
  • Doctor’s Credentials: Ensure that the surgeon is highly qualified and has a track record of successful lung transplants.
  • Patient Reviews: Look for testimonials and reviews from other patients.
  • Post-Operative Care: Ensure the hospital provides comprehensive aftercare services.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


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Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

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Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

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Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

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The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

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The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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