Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

A colonoscopy is a medical procedure used to examine the interior lining of your large intestine, which includes the colon and rectum. It is performed using a colonoscope, a long, flexible tube with a tiny video camera at the tip. This allows doctors to view images of the inside of the colon, making it easier to detect abnormalities such as polyps, ulcers, and early signs of cancer. The procedure is instrumental in diagnosing various gastrointestinal issues and is considered the gold standard for colon cancer screening.

Most people will be advised to undergo a colonoscopy after the age of 50 for routine screening. It may also be recommended sooner or more frequently for individuals with certain risk factors, such as a family history of colon cancer or symptoms like unexplained weight loss, chronic constipation, or blood in the stool. Colonoscopies can be both diagnostic and therapeutic. Besides spotting irregularities, doctors can also remove polyps or take tissue samples for biopsy during the procedure itself.

Despite the invasive nature of a colonoscopy, it's a generally safe procedure when performed by qualified professionals. Many people, however, are daunted by its cost, especially in countries with expensive healthcare systems. This brings us to the emerging trend of traveling abroad for a colonoscopy, which can offer significant financial benefits without compromising on quality.

Procedure Duration

The actual colonoscopy procedure typically takes between 30 to 60 minutes. However, preparation for the procedure starts a few days before the scheduled date. Patients are usually required to follow a liquid diet and take laxatives to clear out the colon. You should expect to spend a full day in the facility where the procedure is being performed, including pre-procedure preparation and post-procedure recovery.

After the procedure, you might experience minor side effects like cramping or bloating, which usually resolve within a few hours. Doctors recommend avoiding strenuous activities and driving for at least 24 hours post-procedure. Thus, when considering traveling abroad for a colonoscopy, it's advisable to plan a trip that lasts at least 3 to 5 days to account for the preparation, procedure, and initial recovery period.

Given that this is a fairly short commitment time-wise, a colonoscopy is an ideal candidate for medical tourism. You can easily combine the medical aspects with a brief holiday, enjoying the best of both worlds: superior medical care at a fraction of the cost, along with a change of scenery.


  • Cost Savings: Traveling abroad can offer significant cost savings, often up to 50-70% less than in Western countries.
  • High-Quality Healthcare: Many countries offer world-class facilities and doctors who are trained in the U.S. or Europe.
  • Advanced Technology: Some countries specialize in gastroenterology and offer cutting-edge technology for colonoscopies.
  • Cultural Experience: Medical tourism provides an opportunity to experience a new culture while taking care of your health.

Potential Destinations

  • India: Known for cost-effective healthcare and highly skilled doctors.
  • Thailand: Renowned for excellent customer service and state-of-the-art facilities.
  • Turkey: Offers a blend of modern technology and experienced medical professionals.
  • Singapore: High standards of care with cutting-edge medical technology.

Risks & Considerations

  • Travel Time: Long flights can be uncomfortable post-procedure.
  • Legalities: Medical malpractice laws differ from country to country.
  • Accreditation: Always ensure that the hospital is internationally accredited.
  • Communication: Ensure language won't be a barrier to your care.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Check Qualifications: Always review the qualifications and experience of the medical staff.
  • Read Reviews: Patient reviews can give insights into what to expect.
  • Visit the Facility: If possible, tour the hospital or clinic in advance.
  • Ask for Referrals: Don't hesitate to ask for referrals from people who have undergone the same procedure abroad.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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