Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment is performed using an arthroscope, an instrument that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. The primary reason to have an arthroscopy is to diagnose and treat joint problems.

For those experiencing joint pain or limited joint mobility, an arthroscopy can provide both diagnosis and treatment. If your physician suspects an issue in one of your joints – most commonly the knee, shoulder, elbow, or wrist – they may recommend arthroscopy to get a clearer view of the problem. It allows doctors to view the joint without making a large incision. This minimally invasive approach can lead to quicker recovery times and less post-operative pain compared to open surgery.

The reasons someone might need arthroscopy can range from diagnosing unexplained joint pain or swelling, removing fragments of loose bone or cartilage, or even repairing damaged ligaments and tendons. The versatility of arthroscopy means it can address a multitude of joint issues without the need for more invasive measures.

Procedure Duration

The duration of an arthroscopic procedure can vary based on the joint being addressed and the complexity of the issue. Typically, an arthroscopy takes between 30 minutes to 2 hours. It's usually performed as an outpatient procedure, which means patients can often go home the same day.

Post-procedure recovery times can also differ based on the specific treatment carried out. For diagnostic arthroscopies without any further treatment, patients may return to their regular activities within a few days. However, if the arthroscopy involved more intricate procedures such as ligament repairs, recovery can take several weeks or even a few months. Physical therapy is often recommended post-surgery to aid in the recovery process and ensure optimal joint function.

It’s essential for medical tourists to consider both the procedure and recovery time when planning their trip. This ensures they allocate enough time for the surgery, post-operative care, and any potential follow-up appointments before returning home.


  • Cost-effective: Medical tourism can offer substantial savings, with many countries offering arthroscopy at a fraction of the cost found in western nations.
  • Expertise: Several destinations specialize in orthopedic surgeries and boast world-class surgeons with extensive experience in arthroscopy.
  • State-of-the-art Technology: Many international hospitals have invested in cutting-edge equipment and technologies, ensuring patients receive the best care possible.
  • Convenient and Comprehensive Care: Medical tourists often benefit from tailored packages that include surgery, recovery, and sometimes even leisure activities.

Potential Destinations

  • India: Particularly cities like Delhi and Mumbai are known for high-quality orthopedic care.
  • Thailand: Bangkok is home to several world-class hospitals specializing in orthopedic surgeries.
  • South Korea: Seoul boasts a combination of skilled surgeons and state-of-the-art technology.
  • Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur and Penang have become hubs for medical tourists seeking orthopedic procedures.

Risks & Considerations

  • Travel Concerns: The physical strain of traveling after surgery can be taxing. Consider the duration and comfort of the flight.
  • Cultural Differences: Ensure you're comfortable with potential language barriers or cultural medical practices.
  • Follow-up Care: It might be challenging to have follow-up care with the same surgeon once you return home.
  • Insurance Coverage: Some insurance plans may not cover surgeries performed abroad.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Certifications: Ensure the surgeon is certified and recognized by international medical bodies.
  • Hospital Accreditation: Look for hospitals accredited by international healthcare standards.
  • Reviews and Testimonials: Previous patients' experiences can provide invaluable insights.
  • Personalized Consultation: Prioritize hospitals or surgeons that offer a consultation before the procedure.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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