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This destination is one of 46 global destinations ranked within the 2020-2021 Medical Tourism Index. Below is a snapshot of this destination's ranking. Check the 46 destinations.
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1. Overview

Brief Introduction to the Country and Its Reputation in Medical Tourism

Romania, a country located in Southeastern Europe, is increasingly becoming a popular destination for medical tourists. Known for its rich history, picturesque landscapes, and unique culture, the nation also boasts an advanced healthcare system that offers a wide range of treatments at affordable costs. With its cadre of well-trained healthcare professionals, many of whom have international training and certifications, Romania is quickly making a name for itself as a reputable medical tourism destination. It's not just the cost savings that draw people in; the quality of care, modern facilities, and cutting-edge technology also contribute to its burgeoning reputation in this sector.

Historical and Cultural Significance in Medicine

Romania has a long-standing tradition of medical education and healthcare. Its universities and research institutions have made considerable contributions to the global medical community. The country has been historically linked to several Nobel laureates in Medicine and Physiology, reflecting its emphasis on medical research and healthcare. Notably, Romania was one of the first countries in Eastern Europe to introduce modern methods of diagnosis and treatment, which has led to a healthcare system that incorporates both traditional and contemporary medical practices.

The Growing Trend of Medical Tourism

In recent years, Romania has invested heavily in its healthcare infrastructure, especially in private medical facilities. These investments are directed toward not only maintaining high healthcare standards but also accommodating the unique needs of medical tourists. Many private healthcare facilities in Romania are designed to offer a comprehensive medical tourism package, which may include consultation, treatment, and post-operative care, all framed within a tourist-friendly experience.

Why Romania?

The combination of affordability and quality healthcare makes Romania an increasingly popular choice for medical tourists. The country offers an attractive package: a European Union member state with rigorous medical standards, a wealth of well-qualified medical practitioners, modern healthcare facilities, and the added allure of its natural and cultural tourist destinations. All these factors coalesce to make Romania a promising and appealing option for medical tourists worldwide.

2. Popular Medical Procedures

Romania is sought-after for a variety of medical procedures, but it is particularly known for its expertise in:

  • Dental Care: From routine check-ups to complicated dental surgeries, Romania offers state-of-the-art dental care at a fraction of the cost compared to other European countries.
  • Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery: The country has specialized clinics that provide a wide range of aesthetic procedures, from liposuction to facelifts and more.
  • Orthopedic Surgery: Romania is becoming a hub for various orthopedic procedures, including knee and hip replacements.
  • Cardiac Care: Romanian hospitals offer advanced cardiac procedures like bypass surgeries, angioplasties, and valve replacements.
  • Oncology Treatments: Innovative cancer treatments, including targeted therapies and immunotherapies, are available.

Special highlight: Romania has gained recognition for its advancements in minimally invasive surgeries and robotic-assisted procedures.

3. Top Hospitals & Clinics

Several hospitals and clinics in Romania have gained a reputation for excellence in healthcare:

  • Hospital Name 1: Accredited by European healthcare authorities, known for its expertise in cardiac care.
  • Hospital Name 2: Recognized for its state-of-the-art cancer treatment facility.
  • Clinic Name 1: Specializes in plastic and cosmetic surgeries and has received various international awards for excellence.

Accreditation and Affiliation Details

Most top-rated hospitals are accredited by European healthcare authorities and may have affiliations with renowned international healthcare networks.

Special Features, Awards, or Recognitions

Many Romanian hospitals have received international awards for patient care, innovative treatments, and healthcare technology.

4. Cost Comparison

In comparison to Western European countries and the United States, the cost of medical procedures in Romania can be significantly lower. For instance:

  • Dental Implant: $800 - $1,500 in Romania compared to $3,000 - $4,500 in Western Europe.
  • Hip Replacement: $6,000 - $10,000 in Romania compared to $30,000 - $40,000 in the United States.

5. Quality & Safety

Romania's healthcare system adheres to rigorous European Union standards. This ensures that medical tourists can expect a high quality of care similar to what they would find in other EU countries. The country has a well-defined regulatory framework for healthcare providers, ensuring that medical practitioners and facilities maintain high standards.

Accreditation Systems and Regulatory Bodies

Many Romanian hospitals and clinics hold accreditations from recognized European healthcare authorities. The Ministry of Health in Romania oversees healthcare practices and regulations, ensuring that all medical facilities comply with the European standards for healthcare services.

Quality Checks

Regular inspections and quality checks are carried out by both governmental and independent organizations. This includes regular audits, peer reviews, and patient feedback systems that contribute to the overall quality of care provided.

Patient Safety Protocols and Patient Rights

Romania's healthcare providers emphasize patient safety, with strict infection control protocols and emergency response plans in place. Patients' rights are also strongly protected, including the right to confidentiality, informed consent, and access to medical records.

6. Medical Visa Information

Guidelines and Requirements

Medical tourists from outside the EU may require a visa to enter Romania. Special medical visas are available, and documentation validating the purpose of the visit—like appointment confirmations or treatment plans—is generally required.

Duration, Documentation, and Application Process

Medical visas can range from short-term (up to 90 days) to long-term (up to 6 months), depending on the treatment required. The application process involves submission of various documents, including financial proofs, travel insurance covering medical expenses, and other relevant medical reports.

Travel-related Advisories or Restrictions

It's crucial to stay updated on any travel advisories, especially those related to public health or political stability. Always check the official governmental websites for the most accurate and current information.

7. Cultural Considerations

Local Customs and Etiquette

Romanians are generally warm and hospitable. However, punctuality is highly valued, especially for medical appointments.


While the primary language is Romanian, many medical professionals and staff in healthcare institutions are proficient in English and other major European languages.

Dietary Considerations

Romanian cuisine is diverse, but if you have specific dietary restrictions due to medical reasons or personal preferences, most medical facilities can accommodate these needs.

8. Travel & Accommodation

Popular Areas to Stay

Bucharest, the capital city, offers a variety of accommodation options ranging from luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels. Cities like Cluj-Napoca and Timisoara are also popular and are closer to specific medical facilities.

Proximity to Medical Facilities

Most recommended areas for accommodation are within a short distance from top medical facilities, ensuring quick and easy commutes for appointments.

Transportation Facilities

Romania has a well-connected public transportation system, and taxis are readily available. Many medical facilities also offer transport services for medical tourists.

Post-procedure Relaxation Spots

Romania is rich in natural beauty, from the Carpathian Mountains to the Black Sea coastline. These are perfect spots for relaxation and recuperation post-procedure.

9. Legal & Ethical Considerations

Legal Rights of Patients

Patients have the right to informed consent, access to medical records, and the option to opt for a second opinion.

Medical Malpractice Laws

Romania has a robust legal framework for medical malpractice. In case of any discrepancies, patients have the right to legal recourse.

Ethical Considerations

Certain treatments may have ethical considerations that patients should be aware of. It's advisable to consult with healthcare providers for a comprehensive understanding.

10. Benefits & Risks


Romania offers high-quality healthcare at affordable prices, experienced healthcare professionals, and state-of-the-art medical technology.


Language barriers and cultural differences could pose challenges. However, most top healthcare providers mitigate these risks by having multi-lingual staff and culturally-sensitive services.

11. Post-procedure Care

Romanian healthcare providers offer extensive post-operative care programs to ensure a smooth recovery. Specialized rehabilitation centers are also available for treatments that require longer recovery periods.

12. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Do I need a medical visa for Romania?

This depends on your country of origin and the treatment you're seeking.

  • Is English widely spoken in Romanian medical facilities?

Yes, especially in larger cities and major medical institutions.

  • Can I combine my medical treatment with a vacation?

Absolutely, Romania offers a range of tourist attractions that you can enjoy pre or post your medical treatment.

Global Provider Members

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Time Zone

GMT +2


Romanian Leu




The climate is temperate-continental with hot, dry summers, punctuated by thunderstorms and showers. Cold winters bring frequent snowfall, especially in the high mountains. Spring season is pleasant, with cool mornings and nights along with warm days. During the summer, the temperature is quite warm, with extended sunny days. The hottest areas in summer are the lowlands in southern and eastern Romania, where 100 degrees Fahrenheit is often reached in July and August.


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