Neural Tube Defects Repair

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

Neural tube defects (NTDs) are severe congenital abnormalities that affect the development of a fetus's spine, spinal cord, or brain. These defects occur early in pregnancy, often before a woman is aware she's pregnant. There are several types of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, anencephaly, and encephalocele. Each type varies in severity and required treatment, but all necessitate prompt medical intervention. Surgical repair is generally recommended for managing neural tube defects and improving the affected child's quality of life.

The objective of neural tube defect repair is to correct the open defect and prevent infection or further damage to the nervous tissues. The procedure involves intricate surgical techniques to close the exposed neural tissue, reconstruct the affected bone structures, and often implement a shunt system to manage cerebrospinal fluid. It is usually performed within the first few days of life, depending on the severity and type of defect. Immediate repair is essential to prevent life-threatening infections and neurological complications.

This surgical intervention is specialized and necessitates a team of experts in the field, including pediatric neurosurgeons, anesthesiologists, and neonatologists. It is critical to choose a medical facility with state-of-the-art technology and expertise in managing neural tube defects to ensure the best possible outcome for the affected child.

Procedure Duration

The duration of the neural tube defect repair surgery can vary depending on the type and complexity of the defect. However, most procedures usually last between 2 to 5 hours. Following surgery, the patient will require intensive postoperative care, usually in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), for a period ranging from several days to a few weeks. The goal during this time is to monitor for any potential complications, manage pain, and initiate early rehabilitation exercises if possible.

Recovery timelines are diverse and depend on various factors such as the child's overall health, the success of the surgery, and the presence of any complications. Some children may require additional surgeries and long-term rehabilitation. The healthcare team will usually develop a comprehensive postoperative and rehabilitation plan, tailored to meet the individual needs of the child and family.

It's essential to consult with healthcare professionals to get a more accurate understanding of the procedure duration and recovery time for your specific case. This will help you better plan your medical journey, including how long you will need to stay abroad if you're considering overseas treatment.


  • Cost Savings: Medical tourism can offer significant cost advantages compared to undergoing the procedure in one's home country.
  • Expertise: Certain destinations specialize in neural tube defects repair and have highly skilled medical professionals.
  • Advanced Technology: Some countries offer state-of-the-art medical facilities and innovative surgical techniques.

Potential Destinations

  • Thailand: Bangkok and other major cities are known for advanced pediatric care.
  • India: Cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Chennai are renowned for their neurosurgical centers.
  • Singapore: Known for high-quality healthcare and state-of-the-art technology.

Risks & Considerations

  • Medical Complications: Surgical risks such as infection, bleeding, and anesthesia complications.
  • Travel Logistics: Consider the stress and logistics of traveling, especially with a newborn.
  • Cultural and Language Barriers: Possible language barriers may exist, impacting the quality of care and communication.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Accreditation: Ensure the hospital is internationally accredited for healthcare standards.
  • Specialization: Look for hospitals with a specialized department for pediatric neurosurgery.
  • Reviews and Testimonials: Past patient experiences can provide valuable insights.
  • Consult Multiple Sources: Don't rely on a single recommendation; consult multiple sources for a well-rounded view.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

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