Egg/Sperm Donation and Preservation

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description:

Egg and sperm donation and preservation are fertility treatments designed to help individuals or couples achieve their dreams of parenthood. These procedures are particularly beneficial for those who face challenges in natural conception due to various factors like age, medical conditions, or lifestyle. Egg donation involves retrieving mature eggs from a donor, fertilizing them in a lab, and then transferring the embryo to the intended mother or surrogate. Sperm donation, on the other hand, involves using sperm from a donor to fertilize an egg, either from the intended mother or another donor.

Egg and sperm preservation are also commonly sought-after procedures. Egg preservation allows women to freeze their eggs at a younger age to use later, providing a form of 'biological insurance' against declining fertility. Similarly, sperm preservation enables men to store their sperm for future use. This is particularly useful for individuals who anticipate undergoing treatments that might affect their fertility, such as chemotherapy.

Both donation and preservation processes usually involve hormonal treatments, ultrasound scans, and minor surgical procedures. These treatments are crucial for those who wish to build a family but are constrained by biological limitations or circumstances such as impending medical treatments. The objective is to maximize the chances of conception and ensure the healthiest possible outcome for both the baby and the parent(s).

Procedure Duration:

The duration of egg and sperm donation processes can vary considerably depending on individual circumstances and the specific protocol followed. Generally, the egg donation process for the donor could take around 3-6 weeks. This includes initial screenings, hormonal treatments, and the egg retrieval procedure. For the recipient, preparation for embryo transfer may take additional weeks. Sperm donation is much quicker and could be completed within a few hours to a day, given that the donor passes the required health screenings.

Egg preservation generally follows a similar timeframe as egg donation, requiring a few weeks for hormonal treatments and egg retrieval. Sperm preservation can be done much more quickly, often within the same day of consultation. Recovery time for egg retrieval is generally a few days to a week, while sperm donation typically has no recovery time.

For both men and women, a follow-up appointment is usually scheduled within a week or two to ensure that there are no complications. However, the actual conception process might require more time, multiple cycles, or additional treatments.


  • Cost-Effectiveness: Procedures abroad often cost significantly less than in Western countries.
  • Expertise: Some foreign medical centers specialize in fertility treatments, offering high success rates.
  • Advanced Technology: Many destinations offer state-of-the-art facilities and the latest in fertility treatment options.

Potential Destinations:

  • Spain: Known for advanced fertility treatments with high success rates.
  • India: Offers a combination of low-cost and highly skilled medical professionals.
  • Thailand: Renowned for state-of-the-art medical facilities and expert medical staff.

Risks & Considerations:

  • Legal Issues: Different countries have varying laws regarding donor anonymity and parental rights.
  • Health Risks: Like any medical procedure, there are potential complications such as infection or adverse reactions to medications.
  • Travel Concerns: Consider travel restrictions, visa requirements, and the time you'll need to stay abroad for the treatment.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital:

  • Certifications and Accreditations: Look for facilities that are internationally accredited.
  • Doctor Qualifications: Check the doctor’s experience, success rates, and reviews from other patients.
  • Consultation: Always have an initial consultation, either virtually or in person, to discuss your specific needs and concerns.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


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If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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