Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

A Cesarean section, commonly referred to as a C-section, is a surgical procedure used to deliver a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus. While vaginal delivery is the natural way for childbirth, there are certain medical conditions and situations where a C-section becomes necessary. For example, if the baby is in a breech position (feet first), if there is placenta previa (where the placenta covers the cervix), or if the mother has a multiple pregnancy, a C-section is often recommended. In some cases, it is performed due to fetal distress or other emergencies that make vaginal delivery risky for the mother or the child.

C-sections can either be planned (elective) or emergent, based on the medical circumstances of the mother and baby. Planned C-sections are usually scheduled before the onset of labor, often after the 39th week of pregnancy to ensure that the baby is fully developed. Emergent C-sections, on the other hand, are performed due to unforeseen complications that arise during labor. This could include things like slow progress in labor, fetal distress, or sudden health concerns for the mother.

Knowing your options and discussing the necessity of the procedure with your healthcare provider is crucial. Many women opt for a second opinion, especially when considering elective C-sections, as the procedure involves both maternal and fetal risks. In recent years, there has been an increase in "maternal request" C-sections, where women choose to have a C-section for non-medical reasons. It's crucial to weigh the pros and cons carefully.

Procedure Duration

The duration of a C-section procedure can vary depending on several factors, including whether it's a planned or emergent operation, and if there are any complications. However, a typical C-section takes approximately 45 minutes to an hour from start to finish. This includes time for anesthesia, making the incision, delivering the baby, and closing the incisions. Following the procedure, the mother is usually moved to a recovery room for close monitoring for a couple of hours before being transferred to a regular hospital room.

Recovery time post-C-section is significantly longer than that for a vaginal birth. Most women spend three to four days in the hospital following the procedure. Full recovery can take up to six weeks, during which time strenuous activities are generally discouraged. It's also essential for new mothers to be aware that they will need extra help during the initial recovery phase, especially if they have other young children at home.

While many women report feeling back to "normal" after about six weeks, some may experience lingering discomfort and other post-operative symptoms for several months. Therefore, it's crucial to follow all post-operative care instructions and attend all follow-up appointments to monitor your healing and reduce the risk of complications.


  • Cost Savings: Medical care abroad can often be more affordable without compromising on quality, especially in countries with lower living costs.
  • Expertise: Some countries specialize in certain types of medical procedures, including C-sections, and have highly skilled medical teams.
  • Technology: Advanced healthcare technologies may be more readily available in certain medical tourism destinations.
  • Shorter Wait Times: In some countries, shorter wait times for elective procedures can be a major advantage.

Potential Destinations

  • India: Known for its advanced healthcare system at relatively low costs.
  • Thailand: Renowned for high-quality maternal care and state-of-the-art facilities.
  • Brazil: Offers some of the best maternity care services in South America.
  • Singapore: Known for its high healthcare standards and excellent postnatal care.

Risks & Considerations

  • Quality of Care: Ensure that the healthcare facility meets international standards.
  • Language Barrier: Consider if language could be a barrier and plan accordingly.
  • Travel Stress: Long flights and changing time zones could add stress and discomfort, particularly for pregnant women.
  • Local Laws and Culture: Familiarize yourself with the country’s medical laws and cultural norms regarding childbirth.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Accreditations: Look for international accreditations like JCI or other well-known healthcare accreditation bodies.
  • Reviews and Testimonials: Go through online reviews and testimonials from previous patients.
  • Consult Multiple Sources: Don't rely solely on the hospital or doctor's website. Make use of forums and social media to gather information.
  • Initial Consultation: Arrange a teleconsultation to gauge your comfort level with the healthcare provider.
  • Local Support: Consider hiring a medical tourism agency that can facilitate your trip and help you navigate healthcare abroad.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link: https://www.medicaltourism.com/get-a-quote

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation: https://www.globalhealthcareaccreditation.com

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


Research on mesenchymal stem cells regenerative properties in knee osteoarthritis. In these studies, researchers suggest that Stem Cell Therapy has the potential to regenerate lost cartilage, stop and reverse cartilage degeneration, provide pain relief, and improve patient mobility.


Stem Cell Therapy as an Alternative to Rotator Cuff & Shoulder Replacement Surgery. Stem cell therapy may offer an excellent alternative for patients looking to avoid shoulder joint replacement surgery, as well as many other surgical treatments for shoulder pain.


If you suffer from chronic or acute ankle pain or instability due to arthritis, cartilage loss, ligament strain or tear, or tendon damage, then you may benefit from non-surgical stem cell treatments or stem cell-enhanced surgery.

Back Pain

Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

Anti-Aging Stem Cell

Hair Loss

Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

Facial Anti-Aging

Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

Fertility Stem Cell

Endometrial PRP

The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

Low Ovarian Reserve (PRP)

The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

Destinations offering this treatment:
No items found.
Featured provider offering this treatment:
Providers offering this treatment:
Facilitators offering this treatment:
No items found.
No items found.