Craniosynostosis Surgery

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

Craniosynostosis is a congenital condition where the sutures (joints) between the bones of a baby's skull close prematurely, before the brain has fully formed. This can lead to problems in brain development and an abnormal head shape.

The human skull consists of several bones that are meant to grow individually, allowing the brain to expand. The spaces between these bones are called sutures. In a child with craniosynostosis, one or more of these sutures fuses too early. This can exert pressure on the growing brain, possibly leading to developmental problems, vision issues, or even brain damage in severe cases.

Surgery is the most common treatment option for craniosynostosis. The main objective of the surgery is to open the fused sutures, thereby allowing the brain to expand normally. It also aims at reshaping the skull to a more regular appearance. The necessity of the surgery largely depends on the number of fused sutures and the potential risks they pose to the child's brain development.

Procedure Duration

Craniosynostosis surgery is a major procedure that typically lasts between 2 to 5 hours, depending on the complexity of the case. It is performed under general anesthesia, meaning the child will be completely asleep and won't feel any pain during the surgery.

After the surgery, the child will likely need to stay in the hospital for a few days to be monitored for potential complications and to ensure pain is adequately managed. The exact duration of the hospital stay varies, but on average, it's about 3 to 7 days.

Recovery from craniosynostosis surgery can be a prolonged process. Swelling and bruising are common post-operative symptoms and can last up to 2 weeks. While the majority of healing happens within the first few months, the complete recovery and reshaping process might continue for up to a year. Regular follow-ups with the surgeon and possibly other specialists, such as neurologists or developmental therapists, will be essential during this time.


  • Cost Savings: Many countries offer this procedure at a fraction of the cost found in Western nations, without compromising on quality.
  • Expertise: Some international hospitals have renowned specialists with extensive experience in craniosynostosis surgery.
  • State-of-the-art Technology: Many medical tourism destinations invest heavily in the latest medical technology and equipment.
  • Comprehensive Care Packages: Medical tourists often receive all-inclusive care packages that cater to the patient's entire journey, from pre-surgery consultations to post-operative rehabilitation.
  • Cultural and Recreational Opportunities: Combining medical procedures with travel provides an opportunity to experience a new culture and relax in a different environment post-recovery.

Potential Destinations

  • Thailand: Renowned for its advanced hospitals and skilled surgeons.
  • India: Known for its medical excellence and affordable healthcare.
  • South Korea: A hub for advanced medical technology and expertise.
  • Malaysia: Offers high-quality medical care with English-speaking professionals.
  • Brazil: Famous for its medical expertise, especially in surgeries related to aesthetics and reconstruction.

Risks & Considerations

  • Language Barrier: Ensure the medical team speaks a language you're comfortable with.
  • Post-operative Care: Understand how post-op consultations and check-ups will be conducted once you return home.
  • Traveling Post-surgery: Long flights after surgery can increase the risk of complications like blood clots.
  • Accreditation: Ensure the hospital has international accreditation or recognition.
  • Insurance: Confirm if your health insurance covers surgeries done abroad.

How to choose the right doctor and hospital

  • Check Qualifications: Ensure the surgeon is board-certified and has relevant experience in craniosynostosis surgeries.
  • Hospital Reviews: Look for patient testimonials and reviews about the hospital and medical staff.
  • Facilities: Tour the hospital beforehand, if possible, to get a feel of the infrastructure, technology, and patient care standards.
  • Post-surgery Support: Check if the hospital offers telemedicine or other forms of post-op consultations for international patients.
  • Emergency Protocols: Understand the hospital's protocols for dealing with medical emergencies or complications.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

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Patients now have a minimally invasive option. Stem cell therapy for back pain and disc herniations can potentially repair the damaged disc or facet joint, restore function, rehydrate the disc, and ultimately alleviate chronic pain.

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Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

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Aesthetic Anti-Aging. The Aesthetic Stem Cell Localized Treatment is a non-surgical minimally invasive procedure to enhance the appearance of aging skin and hair restoration. This all-natural technique combines dermal injections of bone marrow or adipose tissue derived stem cells and growth factors.

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The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

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