ACL/PCL Repair

Steps Involved in IVF:

Procedure Description

What is ACL/PCL Repair?

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) are vital ligaments in the knee that connect the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone). ACL/PCL repair, also known as reconstruction surgery, aims to restore the stability and function of a torn or damaged ACL or PCL. This is achieved by replacing the damaged ligament with a graft, often sourced from the patient's own body or from a donor.

Why Would Someone Need It?

Individuals who suffer from severe knee instability, recurrent dislocations, or significant injuries to the ACL or PCL may be recommended for this type of surgery. Sports professionals, active individuals, and those whose job duties require optimal knee function often consider ACL/PCL repair as a solution. The primary goal is to return to pre-injury activities safely and efficiently.

Indications for the Procedure

The surgery is usually recommended for individuals who have failed to see improvements through non-surgical treatments like physical therapy, and for those who have specific needs related to sports or physically demanding occupations. ACL/PCL repair is generally considered when the damage significantly hampers daily life, affects occupational performance, or limits athletic activities.

Procedure Duration

Length of the Surgery

The procedure itself usually takes about 1 to 3 hours, depending on various factors like the complexity of the ligament damage, whether one or both ligaments are being repaired, and the type of anesthesia used. Typically, the surgery is performed on an outpatient basis, which means you may be able to go home the same day.

Recovery Time

Initial recovery takes approximately 4 to 6 weeks, during which mobility is limited, and physical therapy is started. However, full recovery with a return to sports and high-impact activities may take 6 to 12 months. Regular follow-ups with the orthopedic surgeon and an extensive rehabilitation program are critical for a successful outcome.


Patients will need to commit to a comprehensive rehabilitation plan that includes physical therapy, home exercises, and possibly occupational therapy for those looking to return to specific job duties. The rehab process is crucial in regaining knee strength, improving range of motion, and minimizing complications.


  • Cost: Often significantly cheaper than in Western countries, depending on the destination.
  • Expertise: Some countries specialize in orthopedic surgeries, offering highly experienced surgeons.
  • Technology: Access to cutting-edge technology and surgical techniques, comparable to Western standards.

Potential Destinations

  • India: Renowned for its orthopedic centers in cities like New Delhi and Mumbai.
  • Thailand: Bangkok has multiple hospitals specializing in ACL/PCL repairs.
  • Turkey: Istanbul and Ankara are well-known for their advanced orthopedic clinics.

Risks & Considerations

  • Travel: The need to travel post-surgery could exacerbate complications.
  • Quality: Not all medical facilities meet international standards; do your research.
  • Legal: Understand your legal rights in case of medical malpractice abroad.

How to Choose the Right Doctor and Hospital

  • Credentials: Check the educational and professional background of the surgeon.
  • Reviews and Testimonials: Look for patient reviews and before-after pictures if available.
  • Accreditation: Make sure the hospital or clinic has international or national accreditation for healthcare.

To receive a free quote for this procedure please click on the link:

Patients are advised to seek hospitals that are accredited by Global Healthcare and only work with medical tourism facilitators who are certified by Global Healthcare Accreditation or who have undergone certification from the Certified Medical Travel Professionals (CMTP). This ensures that the highest standards in the industry are met. GHA accredits the top hospitals in the world. These are the best hospitals in the world for quality and providing the best patient experience. Click the link to check out hospitals accredited by the Global Healthcare Accreditation:

Frequently Asked Questions

What actually happens during hyperstimulation of the ovaries?

The patient will take injectable FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for eight to eleven days, depending on how long the follicles take to mature. This hormone is produced naturally in a woman’s body causing one egg to develop per cycle. Taking the injectable FSH causes several follicles to develop at once, at approximately the same rate. The development is monitored with vaginal ultrasounds and following the patient’s levels of estradiol and progesterone. FSH brand names include Repronex, Follistim, Menopur, Gonal-F and Bravelle. The patient injects herself daily.

What happens during egg retrieval?

When the follicles have developed enough to be harvested, the patient attends an appointment  where she is anesthetized and prepared for the procedure. Next, the doctor uses an ultrasound probe to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the follicle of the ovary. The thin needle draws the follicle fluid, which is then examined by an embryologist to find the eggs. The whole process takes about 20 minutes.

What happens to the eggs?

In the next step, the harvested eggs are then fertilized. If the sperm from the potential father, or in some cases, anonymous donor, has normal functionality, the eggs and sperm are placed together in a dish with a nutrient fluid, then incubated overnight to fertilize normally. If the sperm functionality is suboptimal, an embryologist uses Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection to inject a single sperm into a single egg with an extremely precise glass needle.  Once fertilization is complete, the embryos are assessed and prepared to be transferred to the patient’s uterus.

How are the embryos transferred back to the uterus?

The doctor and the patient will discuss the number of embryos to be transferred. The number of successfully fertilized eggs usually determines the number of eggs to be placed in the uterus. Embryos are transferred to the uterus with transabdominal ultrasound guidance. This process does not require anesthesia, but it can cause minor cervical or uterine discomfort. Following transfer, the patient is advised to take at least one days bed rest and two or three additional days of rest, then 10 to 12 days later, two pregnancy tests are scheduled to confirm success. Once two positive tests are completed, an obstetrical ultrasound is ordered to show the sac, fetal pole, yolk sac and fetal heart rate.


Built into this technology there is a microscope with a powerful camera that allows the uninterrupted monitoring of the embryo during its first hours of life. In this way, we can keep a close eye on the embryo, from the moment when the oocyte is inseminated and begins to divide into smaller and smaller cells, until it can be transferred to the uterus.

Orthopedics Stem Cell


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Stem cell therapy and PRP therapy have been shown to be most effective for: Those in the early stages of hair loss, patients who are not viable candidates for surgery and women who prefer to avoid hair surgery.

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The stem cells used for treatment of a thin endometrium include mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, successful repair of the endometrium in pregnancy with stem cells has been reported previously.

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The treatment uses PRP (Platelet-Rich-Plasma), which with stem cell therapy is the novel therapeutic approach for restoring the quality of the ovarian reserve.Your PRP will contain a physiologic balance of platelets, growth factors and white blood cells tailored specifically for you.

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