The world’s largest nation by land reaches European and Asian destinations, as well as the Pacific and Arctic Oceans. Also known as the Russian Federation, it has a population of 143.5 million and is ranked as the world’s 13th largest economy with a GDP in 2015 of US $1.24 billion. It has enormous natural resources and is heavily dependent on energy revenues to drive growth. Today, Russia is struggling with huge economic sanctions and a financial crisis, after several unilateral acts against other destinations effected economic sanctions and the eventual collapse of its currency, the Ruble. Not even the abundance of oil, natural gas and precious metals has helped the destination to stay afloat, as the price of oil plunges around the world, decreasing margins and revenues.
The Constitution of the Russian federation provides all of its citizens the right to free healthcare under the mandatory medical insurance; in reality, the resident registration, which records the internal migration and the residence of citizens in Russia, makes free healthcare partially restricted. On paper, this mixed model of healthcare, with private financing and provision running alongside state financing, can cater to citizens looking for efficiency and choice. In reality, the resulting system in Russia is overly complex and fairly inefficient.
With an area the size of Russia, it is difficult to give any sort of general advice about the climate and weather, except that summers are warm to hot, and winters get very cold in some areas. In general, the climate of Russia can be described as highly continental, with warm-to-hot, dry summers and (very) cold winters with temperatures of -30°C or lower. Heavy snowfall is not uncommon.