Organ transplants are one of the most popular procedures in medical tourism. It is a process in which a person (donor) gives (donates) an organ by his choice to the patient. Transplantable organs and tissues are removed by specialists in a surgical procedure. This procedure can be risky for the donor and patient as well. It is followed with various medical tests and medications.
A donor plays an important role in transplant as he can save the life of several people. With the help of this surgery, a patient can improve the quality of his life and live a healthy life. There are two types of donors, living donor and dead donor. Dead donors are often those who pledge to donate their organs and tissue for transplantation after their death. It is important for them to register their names in the hospitals.
Many people die each year before they can receive a lifesaving organ transplant. Organ donors can help these dying people to live again. Transplant tourism is a way that helps people to get a donor. Though this procedure is illegal in many countries but still there are countries like India and Sri Lanka offer quality organ transplant procedures to people.
Who can be a donor?
Anyone can be a donor, as some transplants do not adversely affect the health of the donor, but can save a life. People of every religion, community, caste, country, age, and sex can be donors. Children can also donate their organs after taking consent for organ donation from their parents. Apart from this, active cancer, HIV, and other patients can also donate their organ to people. It does not matter how healthy and unhealthy you are as you can donate an organ in almost all types of health conditions.
Who cannot donate?
Sometimes it is not possible to use an organ of a donor. The major reason behind this can be the suitability of the organ, health conditions of the donor, and other factors. Few diseases can restrict donor to donate an organ. Patients with AIDS cannot donate their organs. Person with active cancer on a particular organ can donate, if the cancer has spread through the body, the donor will not be able to donate the organ. Sometimes medical condition of a donor changes suddenly, which can be dangerous for the health and life of the donor. All donors are tested for a wide range of diseases before donation takes place.
Donation of an organ can save a life of a patient. Anyone can be a donor but there are certain medical conditions that can restrict a donor.